Human Capital and Labour Report Uganda

Uganda is a landlocked country in East Africa bordered by Kenya on the east, South Sudan on the north, the Democratic Republic of the Congo on the west, Rwanda on the southwest and Tanzania on the south. The country comprises a total area of 241,038 km2 (149,774 sq mi.) Its capital and the largest city is Kampala. Prospects for Uganda’s economy are positive with high growth rates and forecasts of 100% growth in the size of the country’s economy between 2010 and 2018, which is good news for job creation and development. The country’s economic outlook is favourable with low inflation, higher growth which has encouraged market and investor confidence. Uganda has a rapidly growing population and can benefit from this growing potential talent pool. Education and skills development in the country are improving with increased enrolments across all levels coupled with positive improvements in the quality of education and improve pupil-teacher ratios. Tertiary enrolments are also helping to expand the country’s human capital potential. Despite impressive economic growth, Uganda faces a high incidence of poverty in the country, with 89% of the country being vulnerable to poverty. Healthcare and basic infrastructure needs to be improved to ensure that the country’s population remains healthy and active. In addition the quality pool of skilled and high-level human capital is quite low. Up-skilling Uganda’s labour force is therefore, essential for the country to increase productivity and catalyse development.

This country analysis focuses on broad human capital indicators including:

  • Country profile, including a brief overview of the country; corruption and governance indicators; and the business culture.
  • Economic indicators, including an overview of the economy; largest companies; foreign aid and foreign investment.
  • Socio-demographic indicators, including population parameters, standard of living and poverty measures.
  • Healthcare and wellness: The focus here is on the impact of Tuberculosis (TB), HIV/AIDS and malaria on the workforce and workplace; the availability of specialist healthcare and also primary and secondary healthcare.
  • Education trends, including the education level of the population and workforce; as well as education standards and output.
  • Labour force, including the economically active population; job creation; employment sectors; skills shortages; the training and skills development framework; employment of expatriates; brain drain; industrial relations; professional human resource management and more.

Throughout the research, implications, challenges and recommendations are offered to employers, policy makers, donors, investors and the human resource management fraternity. This is all done within the context of the Ugandan socio-economic realities.

Where appropriate, comparisons were made with Nigeria, South Africa and sub–Saharan Africa. Nigeria was selected because of being the largest economy in Africa; South Africa for being the second largest and most modern economy in Africa. The data of these two countries are used to provide context and perspective.

The country analysis refers only briefly to the Ugandan economy, political situation or general risk factors. There are dozens of platforms, reports, research and publications available in that regard for those who wish to apprise themselves of information relating to those areas.

The research is unique by its predominant focus on the Ugandan labour force.


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