Human Capital and Labour Report Mauritius
Mauritius is located in the Indian Ocean approximately 2,000km (1,200 miles) off the southeast coast of Africa. Included in the country of Mauritius are the islands of Mauritius and Rodrigues, the islands of Agalega, and the archipelago of Saint Brandon. Mauritius covers an expanse of 2,040 km2 (787 mi²). Mauritius has asserted itself as one of the most thriving financial hubs in Africa and has shaped a ‘business enabling environment that is internationally competitive,’ attracting numerous private equity funds and other entities. By effectively transitioning from a low-income agriculture based economy to a diversified middle-income economy the country has achieved high economic growth rates between 1990 and 2012, which have more than tripled Mauritius’ GDP per capita over this period to USD 8,592. Mauritius’ large youth population, whom constitute 71.5% of the total population, is cause for optimism for the Mauritian economy as it increases the country’s human capital potential and creates massive opportunities for economic growth and socio-economic development in the country and can help to combat poverty and inequality in the country. Mauritius has good service delivery and infrastructure with arguably one of the best healthcare systems in Africa and a low prevalence of HIV/AIDS, TB and malaria, which has helped to ensure that its labour force remains active and healthy. The education system in Mauritius is also of a high quality with 100% of the teacher population being trained resulting in high completion rates, and high and improving literacy rates.
This country analysis focuses on broad human capital indicators including:
- Country profile, including a brief overview of the country; corruption and governance indicators; and the business culture.
- Economic indicators, including an overview of the economy; largest companies; foreign aid and foreign investment.
- Socio-demographic indicators, including population parameters, standard of living and poverty measures.
- Healthcare and wellness: The focus here is on the impact of Tuberculosis (TB), HIV/AIDS and malaria on the workforce and workplace; the availability of specialist healthcare and also primary and secondary healthcare.
- Education trends, including the education level of the population and workforce; education standards and output; as well as the training and skills development framework.
- Labour force, including the economically active population; job creation; employment sectors; skills shortages; employment of expatriates; brain drain; industrial relations; professional human resource management; economic empowerment and more.
Throughout the research, implications, challenges and recommendations are offered to employers, policy makers, donors, investors and the human resource management fraternity. This is all done within the context of Mauritian socio-economic realities.
Where appropriate, comparisons were made against South Africa and Nigeria. Nigeria was selected because it is the largest economy in Africa; South Africa for being the second largest economy and most modern economy in Africa. The data of these countries are used to provide context and perspective.
The country analysis refers only briefly to the Mauritian economy, political situation or general risk factors. There are dozens of platforms, reports, research and publications available in that regard for those who wish to apprise themselves of information relating to those areas.
The research is unique by its predominant focus on the Mauritian labour force.