Human Capital and Labour Report Egypt

Egypt is situated on the north eastern corner of Africa. It is bordered by Libya on the west, the Gaza Strip (Palestine) on the east, and Sudan to the south. Egypt comprises a total area of 1,001,450 sq. km and is home to 91.5 million people. Cairo is Egypt's capital and largest city. In the 2011, an uprising of protestors overthrew Egypt's autocratic president Mubarak which he governed the country for almost 30 years. Today Egypt is classified as ‘not free’ in the Freedom in the World Report 2017, with poor scores on freedom, civil liberties and political rights.

This country analysis focuses on broad human capital indicators including:

  • Country profile, including a brief overview of the country; the business culture; corruption and governance indicators; and terrorism.
  • Economic indicators, including an overview of the economy; GDP breakdown by economic sectors; largest companies; foreign aid and foreign investment.
  • Socio-demographic indicators, including population parameters, standard of living and poverty measures.
  • Healthcare and wellness: The focus here is on the impact of Cardiovascular diseases, Tuberculosis (TB), and HIV/AIDS on the workforce and workplace; the availability of specialist healthcare and also primary and secondary healthcare.
  • Education trends, including the education level of the population and workforce; as well as education standards and output.
  • Labour force, including the labour force; job creation; employment sectors; skills shortages; the training and skills development framework; employment of expatriates; brain drain; industrial relations; professional human resource management and more.

Throughout the research, implications, challenges and recommendations are offered to employers, policy makers, donors, investors and the human resource management fraternity. This is all done within the context of the Egyptian socio-economic realities.

Where appropriate, comparisons were made against Morocco, Nigeria, South Africa, Middle East and North Africa, and sub-Saharan Africa. The data of these countries are used to provide context and perspective.

The country analysis refers only briefly to the Egyptian economy, political situation or general risk factors. There are dozens of platforms, reports, research and publications available in that regard for those who wish to apprise themselves of information relating to those areas.

The research is unique by its predominant focus on the Egyptian labour force.


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