Human Capital and Labour Report Botswana

The Republic of Botswana is a landlocked country situated in southern Africa. The country is bordered by South Africa to the south, Namibia to the west, Zambia to the north and Zimbabwe to the northeast. The country comprises 581,730 km2 (224,607 miles²) with 70% of its terrain being desert (Kalahari Desert). Botswana is a sparsely populated country with a population size of just over two million people. Botswana is regarded as one of Africa’s greatest success stories. With massive strides in socio-economic developments, good governance and transparent institutions, Botswana has effectively transformed from an underdeveloped nation to a middle-income country since independence in 1966. In 2014 Botswana ranked 3rd in Africa for the Ibrahim Index of African Governance in 2014. Botswana does however, have a high incidence of poverty, a high unemployment rate and one of the highest HIV/AIDS statistics in the world. This country analysis focuses on broad human capital indicators including:

  • Country profile, including a brief overview of the country; corruption and governance indicators; and the business culture.
  • Economic indicators, including an overview of the economy; economic empowerment; largest companies; foreign aid and foreign investment.
  • Socio-demographic indicators, including population parameters, standard of living and poverty measures.
  • Healthcare and wellness: The focus here is on the impact of Tuberculosis (TB), HIV/AIDS and malaria on the workforce and workplace; the availability of specialist healthcare and also primary and secondary healthcare.
  • Education trends, including the education level of the population and workforce; as well as education standards and output.
  • Labour force, including the economically active population; job creation; employment sectors;; skills shortages; the training and skills development framework; employment of expatriates; brain drain; industrial relations; professional human resource management and more.

Throughout the research, implications, challenges and recommendations are offered to employers, policy makers, donors, investors and the human resource management fraternity. This is all done within the context of Botswana’s socio-economic realities.

Where appropriate, comparisons were made against South Africa, Nigeria and Namibia. Nigeria was selected because it is the largest economy in Africa; South Africa for being the second largest economy and most modern economy in Africa. The data of these countries are used to provide context and perspective.

The country analysis refers only briefly to the Botswana economy, political situation or general risk factors. There are dozens of platforms, reports, research and publications available in that regard for those who wish to apprise themselves of information relating to those areas.

The research is unique by its predominant focus on Botswana’s labour force.


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